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HOME   -   HISTORIC PLACES AND LOCATIONS   -   HARAPPA

 
   


Harappa - Photograph Paul Almasy/Corbis

 

Harappa

Harappa was an ancient city located in today's Pakistan.
 

It was part of the Indus Valley Civilization that begun around 2900 or 2500 BC, depending on whom you ask.

Check the Stone Age Timeline to see this event in its context.


Image Above
The ruins of a neighborhood of artisans in the ancient city of Harappa, eastern Pakistan.
Paul Almasy/Corbis


Harappa was one of the two major cities in the Indus Valley. The other major city was Mohenjo-Daro.

Here are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro on a map:

Map Location of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Map Location of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
California State University, Los Angeles

 


Harappa Archaeology

In 1921, and led by Sir John Marshall, excavations begun.

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are located approx. 400 miles or 644 kilometers apart.

 

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Valley
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Valley
California State University, Los Angeles

 

And here's a map of the Indus Valley Civilization, which, by the way, was the third of the three earliest known civilizations.

First, there were the people who stomped the grounds of Mesopotamia,

second, the culture which developed in Egypt, and

third, the society that arose in the Indus Valley neighborhood.

 

The map:

Indus Valley Civilization - Map
Indus Valley Civilization - Map
Orchard Park Central School District


 
 

The heyday of the Harappa population was over around the year 1700 BC, maybe a little bit later.

 

What Was the Indus Civilization Up to?

Their language can be placed in the family tree of the Dravidian languages.

These people knew how to farm, how to domesticate their animals, and how to import gold and precious stones. Hence, we can also safely assume that they knew how to put t