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HOME   -   HISTORIC PLACES AND LOCATIONS   -   HARAPPA

 
   


Harappa - Photograph Paul Almasy/Corbis

 

Harappa

Harappa was an ancient city located in today's Pakistan.
 

It was part of the Indus Valley Civilization that begun around 2900 or 2500 BC, depending on whom you ask.

Check the Stone Age Timeline to see this event in its context.


Image Above
The ruins of a neighborhood of artisans in the ancient city of Harappa, eastern Pakistan.
Paul Almasy/Corbis


Harappa was one of the two major cities in the Indus Valley. The other major city was Mohenjo-Daro.

Here are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro on a map:

Map Location of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Map Location of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
California State University, Los Angeles

 


Harappa Archaeology

In 1921, and led by Sir John Marshall, excavations begun.

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are located approx. 400 miles or 644 kilometers apart.

 

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Valley
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Indus Valley
California State University, Los Angeles

 

And here's a map of the Indus Valley Civilization, which, by the way, was the third of the three earliest known civilizations.

First, there were the people who stomped the grounds of Mesopotamia,

second, the culture which developed in Egypt, and

third, the society that arose in the Indus Valley neighborhood.

 

The map:

Indus Valley Civilization - Map
Indus Valley Civilization - Map
Orchard Park Central School District


 
 

The heyday of the Harappa population was over around the year 1700 BC, maybe a little bit later.

 

What Was the Indus Civilization Up to?

Their language can be placed in the family tree of the Dravidian languages.

These people knew how to farm, how to domesticate their animals, and how to import gold and precious stones. Hence, we can also safely assume that they knew how to put their ladies in a good mood.

And according to page 87 of David Waltner-Toews' gripping page turner, The Origin of Feces,

Flush toilets were available in many houses in the ancient cities in the Indus Valley between 2500 and 1500 BCE, among the Romans a thousand years later, and, at least by the eighteenth century, in northern parts of Europe.


The Indus Civilization left many things behind. Dice, for example. Here are some of the items archaeologists found on location:

Unicorn Seal from the Indus Valley Civilization Cart from the Indus Valley Civilization Male and Bird (Terracotta) from the Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Goodies, left to right:
Unicorn Seal, Cart, Male and Bird (Terracotta)
National Museum, New Delhi

 

Today, you are welcome to visit the National Museum of India and to examine its large Harappan Civilization collection.

"This collection includes pottery, seals, tablets, weights and measures, jewellery, terracotta figurines, toys, etc.

"It also has copper tools from Harappan sites like axes, chisels, knives, etc. About 3,800 objects have been displayed in the modernized Harappan Gallery from the National Museum collection.

"This Gallery also has 1,025 excavated artifacts belonging to the Indian Harappan site of the Archaeological Survey of India collection."

 

And here is modern Pakistan on a map:

Map of Pakistan
Map of Pakistan
U.S. Department of State


 
      


 



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